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Tishrei 6, 5777 / Oct
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Yitzchak Barak / When Isaac had blessed
SCRIPTURES should be read first
Isaac was 123, and
Rebecca was 97 years old. Jacob and Esau were 63. Leah and
Rachel were just born – when Jacob was 63.
(From the Hebrew
text:) Jacob had not finished leaving when Esau entered. Had
Esau come any sooner, Jacob would not have received the
blessing. Esau proceeded to prepare the meal. He then
requested, in a rough manner, that his father rise up and
eat; this is contrasted to Jacob’s manner – he had asked his
father politely to be seated comfortably to eat. Esau
requested that Isaac “eat of his son’s game” as though he
were Isaac’s only son. Note the similarities of Roman (Edomite)
As Isaac realized
that he had been deceived, he became overcome with anxiety.
Who else would know to do what he had instructed Esau? Who
could have found and prepared game faster then skillful Esau
could get there? What had God brought upon him? Seeing God’s
will in what was done, he confirmed, indeed the blessing
would rest upon the one who came before. Isaac said, “Your
brother came with cleverness” – which has dual meaning:
Midrash renders it “wisdom of the Torah,” or it may be
rendered “deceit,” (meaning permissible cunning, not
The Midrash says
that Jacob”s means of obtaining the blessing caused Esau to
“cry out,” and therefore, Jacob’s descendants in Shushan
(with Mordechai) were caused to “cry out – loudly and
bitterly” (Esther 4:1) when they were destined to be
slaughtered by Esau’s descendants (with Hamaan). The name
“Jacob” (Ya’acov – heel) is the same as a word meaning
“taking a circuitous route to achieve one’s goal.” It is
ultimately best to rely upon God’s means of fulfilling His
When Esau asked
his father if there was not a blessing left for him, Isaac
answered that Jacob had been made a lord over him: if
anything could be given Esau, it would ultimately revert to
Jacob. Then Isaac said (not stated as giving a blessing)
that Esau would dwell in fertile regions of the earth (while
Jacob would dwell in Canaan). Also, Esau would be a
When Esau, in
anger, plotted to kill his brother, Rebecca sent Jacob away
for a few days, till his wrath subsided; Rebecca never saw
her son again. “Edom’s . . . anger tore perpetually and he
kept his wrath forever” – Amos 1:11.
Rebecca told Isaac
that Esau’s Hittite wives were so troubling to her, that she
wanted Jacob to take a wife from a different land. Thus,
Isaac sent Jacob out to the land of Rebecca’s birth, to
obtain a “pure bride.”
At the “Day of the
Atonements,” Messiah’s bride must be pure, not idolatrous.
Esau, seeing his
parent’s displeasure in his Hittite wives, took another
wife: an Ishmaelite named Mahalath, meaning illness or
disease. Thus, he added more displeasure.
Psalm 23 is the
blessing for the pure bride. She is loved and enjoys comfort
and full provision forever.
David wrote Psalm 23 when he
was fleeing from King Saul, and living in a dry, desolate
forest called “Ya’ar Cheret” – Forest of Baked
Earthenware (1 Samuel 22:6) [Artscroll Tanach – Tehillim].
He writes concerning not only himself, but concerning
Israel, the Bride of Messiah.
(V.1) The first word is
“Yahweh” – the Gracious, Merciful God. Yahweh is the
shepherd, providing all her needs, as we also read in
Genesis 48:15 (Joseph representing Israel) and Psalm 80:1.
Those who are purified will forsake worldly desires, and
rejoice in God’s provision for doing His work. Messiah’s
betrothed bride will be focused on desires of the world to
shall not lack” is seen as a reference to the world to come
– no present condition should turn us away from our goal of
(V.2) As in the
wilderness, Yahweh – as a shepherd – provided lush meadows,
tranquil waters, and continual leadership, so will be the
case in the new world, when Messiah shall dwell with His
(V.3) For the
overcomers, He restores the soul, and leads in paths of
righteousness – to the glory of His Name.
David may be thinking immediately of the Wilderness of Zif
(1 Samuel 23), where he was looking at death at the hands of
Saul, the ultimate picture is of the end of this world –
whether that be our individual death or the end of the age –
when God in His grace will be with us.
(V.5) In the
wilderness, Israel was given food in full view of her
tormenters, who predicted starvation. To “saturate with fat”
(translated “anointed my head with oil) may refer to the
quail: they were a curse to the lustful, but a blessing to
the righteous [Midrash Shemot Rabba 25:7]. An
overflowing cup refers to generous provision, beyond basic
(V.6) While Saul
was pursuing David, God was working all things together for
his good. Though situations in this life may seem as evil
upon us, we must remember that . . . this life is just a
test, a preparation time; it is all for our eternal good!
“All Israel will
be saved; just as it is written, "The Deliverer will come
from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob."
“You shall call
His Name Yeshua, for He shall save His people from their
sins” – Matthew 1:21. “All Israel (Jacob)” that shall be
saved (Romans 11:26) is a reference to people all twelve
tribes, meaning not only Judah (Jews); “the world” that God
loved (John 3:16) refers to people of all nations, meaning
not only the physical descendants of Jacob.
statements mean neither that every descendant of Jacob will
be saved, nor that every person of the world is loved* by
God. Rather, a remnant – chosen and called and faithful –
will be saved. “In the same way then (as in Elijah’s day),
there has also come to be at the present time a remnant
according to election by grace” (v. 5) – a remnant which
includes Paul, a Benjaminite (of Jacob, but not Judah). When
Yeshua said, “Salvation is of the Jews” (John 4:22), He was
explaining that Messiah must be through Judah – which He
* “God so
loved the world.” The word “world” has several major
usages in the Apostolic Writings. In this case it refers
to peoples of all the world, in contrast to the people
of just one nation. It almost never refers to every
person of the world. It often refers to the nations
other than Israel.
1:10 – The world (unbelievers) did not know Him.
12:19 – The world (not only Jews) is gone after Him.
17:6 – These men have upset the world (not Judea only).
2:5 – God chose the poor of this world (every poor
person?) to be rich in faith.
God never said
that He “loves the sinner but hates the sin.” He did say
that He “hates all workers of iniquity” – Psalm 5:5, see
also Psalm 115:5.
of the twelve tribes of Israel fall into unbelief. Many
Gentiles are graffed into Messiah. We must be sure that we
are not in unbelief. Fallen Israelites can be graffed back
in through repentance and faith. We have no basis for pride:
God has chosen a remnant from the whole world – by His
grace, not based on any good or evil we would do. When we
receive faith, by grace, we turn around with desire to
“To Him be the
glory forever. Amen.”
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
ka-asher kilah Yitzchak barak
(It came to pass, when Isaac had blessed)
Reader 1* Amen
30 Now it came about, as soon as Isaac had finished
blessing Jacob, and Jacob had hardly gone out from the
presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in
from his hunting. 31 Then he also made savory
food, and brought it to his father; and he said to his
father, "Let my father arise and eat of his son's game, that
you may bless me." 32 Isaac his father said to
him, "Who are you?" And he said, "I am your son, your
firstborn, Esau." 33 Then Isaac trembled
violently, and said, "Who was he then that hunted game and
brought it to me, so that I ate of all of it before you
came, and blessed him? Yes, and he shall be blessed."
Reader 2* Amen
34 When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried
out with an exceedingly great and bitter cry, and said to
his father, "Bless me, even me also, O my father!" 35
And he said, "Your brother came deceitfully and has taken
away your blessing." 36 Then he said, "Is he not
rightly named Jacob, for he has supplanted me these two
times? He took away my birthright, and behold, now he has
taken away my blessing." And he said, "Have you not reserved
a blessing for me?"
Reader 1* Amen
37 But Isaac replied to Esau, "Behold, I have made him
your master, and all his relatives I have given to him as
servants; and with grain and new wine I have sustained him.
Now as for you then, what can I do, my son?" 38
Esau said to his father, "Do you have only one blessing, my
father? Bless me, even me also, O my father." So Esau lifted
his voice and wept. 39 Then Isaac his father
answered and said to him, "Behold, away from the fertility
of the earth shall be your dwelling, And away from the dew
of heaven from above.
Reader 4* Amen
40 "By your sword you shall live, And your brother you
shall serve; But it shall come about when you become
restless, That you will break his yoke from your neck."
41 So Esau bore a grudge against Jacob because of the
blessing with which his father had blessed him; and Esau
said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are
near; then I will kill my brother Jacob." 42 Now
when the words of her elder son Esau were reported to
Rebekah, she sent and called her younger son Jacob, and said
to him, "Behold your brother Esau is consoling himself
concerning you by planning to kill you. 43 "Now
therefore, my son, obey my voice, and arise, flee to Haran,
to my brother Laban! 44 "Stay with him a few
days, until your brother's fury subsides, 45
until your brother's anger against you subsides and he
forgets what you did to him. Then I will send and get you
from there. Why should I be bereaved of you both in one
Reader 5* Amen
46 Rebekah said to Isaac, "I am tired of living
because of the daughters of Heth; if Jacob takes a wife from
the daughters of Heth, like these, from the daughters of the
land, what good will my life be to me?"
Isaac called Jacob and blessed him and charged him, and said
to him, "You shall not take a wife from the daughters of
Canaan. 2 "Arise, go to Paddan-aram, to the house
of Bethuel your mother's father; and from there take to
yourself a wife from the daughters of Laban your mother's
Reader 6* Amen
3 "May God Almighty bless you and make you fruitful
and multiply you, that you may become a company of peoples.
4 "May He also give you the blessing of Abraham,
to you and to your descendants with you, that you may
possess the land of your sojournings, which God gave to
Abraham." 5 Then Isaac sent Jacob away, and he
went to Paddan-aram to Laban, son of Bethuel the Aramean,
the brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.
Reader 7* Amen
6 Now Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent
him away to Paddan-aram to take to himself a wife from
there, and that when he blessed him he charged him, saying,
"You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan,"
7 and that Jacob had obeyed his father and his
mother and had gone to Paddan-aram. 8 So Esau saw
that the daughters of Canaan displeased his father Isaac;
9 and Esau went to Ishmael, and married, besides
the wives that he had, Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael,
Abraham's son, the sister of Nebaioth.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Micah 1:1, 5:7-13
Reader 8* Amen
1 The word of Yahweh which came to Micah of Moresheth
in the days of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah,
which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
5:7 Then the
remnant of Jacob will be among many peoples like dew from
Yahweh, like showers on vegetation which do not wait for man
or delay for the sons of men. 8 The remnant of
Jacob will be among the nations, among many peoples like a
lion among the beasts of the forest, like a young lion among
flocks of sheep, which, if he passes through, tramples down
and tears, and there is none to rescue. 9 Your
hand will be lifted up against your adversaries, and all
your enemies will be cut off. 10 "It will be in
that day," declares Yahweh, "that I will cut off your horses
from among you and destroy your chariots. 11 I
will also cut off the cities of your land and tear down all
your fortifications. 12 I will cut off sorceries
from your hand, and you will have fortune-tellers no more.
13 I will cut off your carved images and your
sacred pillars from among you, so that you will no longer
bow down to the work of your hands.
(To be sung.)
A Psalm of David.
1 Yahweh is
my shepherd, I shall not want. 2 He makes me lie
down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters.
3 He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths
of righteousness for His name's sake. 4 Even
though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I
fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff,
they comfort me. 5 You prepare a table before me
in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head
with oil; my cup overflows. 6 Surely goodness and
lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life, and I
will dwell in the house of Yahweh forever.
Romans 10:20 –
Reader 9* Amen
20 And Isaiah is very bold and says, "I was found by
those who did not seek me, I became manifest to those who
did not ask for me." 21 But as for Israel He
says, "All the day I have stretched out My hands to a
disobedient and obstinate people." 11:1 I say
then, God has not rejected His people, has He? May it never
be! For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of
the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected His
people whom He foreknew.
Reader 10* Amen
Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the
passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel?
3 "Lord, they have killed Your prophets, they
have torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they
are seeking my life." 4 But what is the divine
response to him? "I have kept for Myself seven-thousand men
who have not bowed the knee to Baal." 5 In the
same way then, there has also come to be at the present time
a remnant according to God's gracious choice. 6
But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of
works, otherwise grace is no longer grace. 7 What
then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those
who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened;
8 just as it is written, "God gave them a spirit
of stupor, eyes to see not and ears to hear not, down to
this very day." 9 And David says, "Let their
table become a snare and a trap, and a stunblingblock and a
retribution to them. 10 "Let their eyes be
darkened to see not, and bend their backs forever."
Reader 11* Amen
11 I say then, they did not stumble so as to fall, did
they? May it never be! But by their transgression salvation
has come to the Gentiles, to make them jealous. 12
Now if their transgression is riches for the world and their
failure is riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their
fulfillment be! 13 But I am speaking to you who
are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles,
I magnify my ministry, 14 if somehow I might move
to jealousy my fellow countrymen and save some of them.
15 For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the
world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?
Reader 12* Amen
16 If the first piece of dough is holy, the lump is
also; and if the root is holy, the branches are too. 17
But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being
a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker
with them of the rich root of the olive tree, 18
do not be arrogant toward the branches; but if you are
arrogant, remember that it is not you who supports the root,
but the root supports you. 19 You will say then,
"Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in."
20 Quite right, they were broken off for their
unbelief, but you stand by your faith. Do not be conceited,
but fear; 21 for if God did not spare the natural
branches, He will not spare you, either.
Reader 13* Amen
22 Behold then the kindness and severity of God; to
those who fell, severity, but to you, God's kindness, if you
continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut
off. 23 And they also, if they do not continue in
their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft
them in again. 24 For if you were cut off from
what is by nature a wild olive tree, and were grafted
contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much
more will these who are the natural branches be grafted into
their own olive tree? 25 For I do not want you,
brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery-- so that you
will not be wise in your own estimation-- that a partial
hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the
Gentiles has come in; 26 and so all Israel will
be saved; just as it is written, "The deliverer will come
from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob." 27
"This is My covenant with them, when I take away their
sins." 28 From the standpoint of the gospel they
are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God's
choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers; 29
for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
Reader 14* Amen
30 For just as you once were disobedient to God, but
now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience,
31 so these also now have been disobedient, that
because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown
mercy. 32 For God has shut up all in disobedience
so that He may show mercy to all. 33 Oh, the
depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God!
How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His
ways! 34 For who has known the mind of Yahweh, or
who became His counselor? 35 Or who has given to
Him that it might be paid back to him again? 36
For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To
Him be the glory forever. Amen.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."