Kislev 2, 5762 /
Nov 17, 2001
Heshvan 29, 5765 / Nov 13,
Heshvan 29, 5768 / Nov 10,
Heshvan 29, 5771 / Nov
Heshvan 29, 5774 / Nov
3, 5777 / Dec 3,
2, 5780 / Nov 30,
/ He Dwelt
SCRIPTURES should be read first
start this chapter with grandfather Isaac at 168, father
Jacob at 108, and Joseph at 17 years old. Leah died around
In chapter 36 we saw a brief story of Esau. Esau’s
descendants intermarried with Ishmael’s descendants. Esau
produced twelve princes before Jacob produced one; these
princes dwelt as masters in the land of their (eternal)
will see an expansive chronicle of Jacob and his
Jacob settled in The Land where his father had
sojourned. The Midrash relates: “HaSatan says, ‘Are
the righteous not satisfied with what is stored up for them
in the world to come, that they expect to live at ease in
This World too?’ ” This world is for us to grow to maturity
in Yeshua; the wicked have their good here.
Jacob is only 108 years old here, having two living wives
and thirteen children. He should want to settle down?? But a
situation concerning his son Joseph, and a famine, would
keep him unsettled.
“These are the records of the generations of Jacob: Joseph
. . .” Though Jacob has ten older sons and one younger,
only seventeen-year-old Joseph is mentioned.
would Jacob so favor one son? Why would Joseph flaunt his
dreams? Why would the brothers become so jealous as to try
to kill him?
worked for Laban only for the sake of marrying Rachel, who
finally bore him Joseph: Joseph could be considered Jacob’s
intended firstborn. Twenty-three (Midrash)
major things that happened to Jacob also happened to Joseph:
they were both hated, they both had a brother/brothers who
tried to kill them, etc.
“Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he
was the son of his old age” – a reference to wisdom:
Joseph was the foremost scholar among his brothers (Onkelos);
he was within a year of age of his next brother.
Jacob/Israel wanted to “see Joseph’s face” before he died:
that is recorded repeatedly. Only by seeing his face could
Jacob perceive his soul – whether Joseph was of character to
carry on his father’s purpose in life.
Joseph would be granted the status of two tribes – Ephraim
gave Joseph a fine wool garment as would be suitable for
members of a royal family (See 2 Samuel 13:18). Such were
long-sleeved garments that reached the feet, worn by those
who were not expected to perform manual labor.
Abraham symbolized charity, Jacob’s attribute was truth
(splendor), and Joseph’s was brit shalom / the
covenant of peace.
Abraham’s character of charity was tried, ultimately in the
order to sacrifice his only son. Herein we see the type of
our Heavenly Father, in charity offering His only Son.
Joseph’s character of peace was tried: his brothers could
not even speak to him peaceably (v.4). He would provide for
his brothers, even after they sought to kill him. And herein
we see the type of Yeshua, providing for those who sought to
Joseph related his second dream to his father and brothers.
His fathersaid to him, “What is this dream that you have
had? Shall I and your mother and your brothers actually come
to bow ourselves down before you to the ground?” The
explanation is found in reading this verse backwards: for
Rachel (his mother) was dead!
Israel’s kingship belonged to Judah, and the priesthood to
Levi. If Joseph tried to usurp either position, he would be
liable to death penalty. The brothers, rationalizing their
jealousy, sat as a court to condemn him to death. After
putting Joseph in a pit, they comfortably sat down to eat
older brothers conspired to do away with Joseph (though
Reuben, the eldest, who would have had to take
responsibility before his father, sought to thwart the
plan). Even upon seeing Joseph ruling Egypt, they did not
repent of their judgment, only their actions in selling him.
Joseph was to rule them in Egypt, not in Israel. Yeshua, as
Messiah ben Yoseph (son of Joseph), is our suffering servant
(Isaiah 53:11) who provides for us here; Yeshua, as Messiah
ben David (David ben Yehudah – son of Judah), will reign as
King over the Promised Land.
Joseph, speaking to his brothers in Pharaoh’s court,
referred to Jacob as “my father, not “our father.” Yeshua
did likewise (Matthew 7:21).
related prophetic dreams to an unwilling audience of his
brothers. How will we feel when Yeshua is revealed to us, if
we were unwilling to heed His prophetic words?
you imagine those who regularly attended synagogue, hearing
this Torah, Haftarah and Psalm on one Sabbath, then seeing
Yeshua’s ordeal? We are in a position to see it more fully:
how shall we respond?
showed His great charity toward us in providing salvation
for us – when we hated Him. God gives each of us provision
for our assigned task: how do we fulfill our promising
obligation to a rewarding God; how much do consume it upon
our own selfish desires?
we may build and buy houses in which to dwell for a short
time; but we all are building eternal houses (1 Cor 3:12).
What kind of house do we want for eternity? Are we building
with lasting materials? How much will be lost to fire? Can
we be satisfied with storing up for ourselves in the world
to come, or must we expect to live at ease in This World
. . .
firstborn Reuben “disarranged his father’s bed,” Jacob
transferred the birthright to Joseph – who was his eleventh
son, but his intended first in the sense that he was the
firstborn of his only intended wife Rachael.
“Now the sons of Reuben
the firstborn of Israel (for he was the firstborn, but
because he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was
given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel; so that he is
not enrolled in the genealogy according to the birthright”
– 1 Chronicles 5:1.
descent of Israel into bondage in Egypt was foretold to
Abraham, it came to pass because of the jealousy that ten
brothers had toward Joseph. And this jealousy was a result
of Abraham showing favoritism to one of his sons. On this
basis, the sages proclaimed, “A man should never single out
one child among his other sons . . .” (Shabbos 10b).
However, they note that God Himself openly proclaims His
love for Jacob and His hatred for Esau (Zohar).
prophecies are fulfilled, though sometimes through the
sinful acts of men. This is later certified by Joseph, who
said to his brothers, “You meant evil against me, but God
meant it for good” – Genesis 50:20.
because of a dream – his brothers hated him for it, and he
was exalted because of a dream – the Pharaoh’s dream which
first dream, of his brothers’ sheaves bowing to his sheaves,
applied only to his brothers. They fulfilled the dream when
they came to Egypt where Joseph ruled.
second dream, of the sun and moon and eleven stars bowing to
him, represented his father and mother and brothers. But his
mother was no longer alive! This is seen as messianic: they
will all bow to Yeshua – Messiah ben (son of) Joseph!
someone close is generally coupled with jealousy. While
Joseph’s brothers formerly felt superior to their younger
sibling, they hated him because of their father’s
favoritism. Now that they heard that Joseph was destined to
rule over them, they were jealous of him as of one who was a
peer and was to surpass them.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
Reader 1* Amen.
1 Now Jacob lived in the land where his father
had sojourned, in the land of Canaan. 2 These are
the records of the generations of Jacob. Joseph, when
seventeen years of age, was pasturing the flock with his
brothers while he was still a youth, along with the sons of
Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives. And
Joseph brought back a bad report about them to their father.
3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons,
because he was the son of his old age; and he made him a
varicolored tunic. 4 His brothers saw that their
father loved him more than all his brothers; and so they
hated him and could not speak to him on friendly terms.
Reader 2* Amen.
5 Then Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to
his brothers, they hated him even more. 6 He said
to them, "Please listen to this dream which I have had;
7 for behold, we were binding sheaves in the field,
and lo, my sheaf rose up and also stood erect; and behold,
your sheaves gathered around and bowed down to my sheaf."
8 Then his brothers said to him, "Are you
actually going to reign over us? Or are you really going to
rule over us?" So they hated him even more for his dreams
and for his words.
Reader 3* Amen.
9 Now he had still another dream, and related it
to his brothers, and said, "Lo, I have had still another
dream; and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars
were bowing down to me." 10 He related it to his
father and to his brothers; and his father rebuked him and
said to him, "What is this dream that you have had? Shall I
and your mother and your brothers actually come to bow
ourselves down before you to the ground?" 11 His
brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying
Reader 4* Amen.
12 Then his brothers went to pasture their
father's flock in Shechem. 13 Israel said to
Joseph, "Are not your brothers pasturing the flock in
Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them." And he said to
him, "I will go." 14 Then he said to him, "Go now
and see about the welfare of your brothers and the welfare
of the flock, and bring word back to me." So he sent him
from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. 15
A man found him, and behold, he was wandering in the field;
and the man asked him, "What are you looking for?" 16
He said, "I am looking for my brothers; please tell me where
they are pasturing the flock." 17 Then the man
said, "They have moved from here; for I heard them say, 'Let
us go to Dothan.'" So Joseph went after his brothers and
found them at Dothan.
Reader 5* Amen.
18 When they saw him from a distance and before
he came close to them, they plotted against him to put him
to death. 19 They said to one another, "Here
comes this dreamer! 20 "Now then, come and let us
kill him and throw him into one of the pits; and we will
say, 'A wild beast devoured him.' Then let us see what will
become of his dreams!" 21 But Reuben heard this
and rescued him out of their hands and said, "Let us not
take his life." 22 Reuben further said to them,
"Shed no blood. Throw him into this pit that is in the
wilderness, but do not lay hands on him"-- that he might
rescue him out of their hands, to restore him to his father.
Reader 6* Amen.
23 So it came about, when Joseph reached his
brothers, that they stripped Joseph of his tunic, the
varicolored tunic that was on him; 24 and they
took him and threw him into the pit. Now the pit was empty,
without any water in it. 25 Then they sat down to
eat a meal. And as they raised their eyes and looked,
behold, a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead,
with their camels bearing aromatic gum and balm and myrrh,
on their way to bring them down to Egypt. 26
Judah said to his brothers, "What profit is it for us to
kill our brother and cover up his blood? 27 "Come
and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands
on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh." And his
brothers listened to him. 28 Then some Midianite
traders passed by, so they pulled him up and lifted Joseph
out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty
shekels of silver. Thus they brought Joseph into Egypt.
Reader 7* Amen.
29 Now Reuben returned to the pit, and behold,
Joseph was not in the pit; so he tore his garments. 30
He returned to his brothers and said, "The boy is not there;
as for me, where am I to go?" 31 So they took
Joseph's tunic, and slaughtered a male goat and dipped the
tunic in the blood; 32 and they sent the
varicolored tunic and brought it to their father and said,
"We found this; please examine it to see whether it is your
son's tunic or not." 33 Then he examined it and
said, "It is my son's tunic. A wild beast has devoured him;
Joseph has surely been torn to pieces!" 34 So
Jacob tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his loins and
mourned for his son many days. 35 Then all his
sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him, but he
refused to be comforted. And he said, "Surely I will go down
to Sheol in mourning for my son." So his father wept for
him. 36 Meanwhile, the Midianites sold him in
Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh's officer, the captain of the
Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Amen. 7 But Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, a
eunuch, while he was in the king's palace, heard that they
had put Jeremiah into the cistern. Now the king was sitting
in the Gate of Benjamin; 8 and Ebed-melech went
out from the king's palace and spoke to the king, saying,
9 "My lord the king, these men have acted
wickedly in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet
whom they have cast into the cistern; and he will die right
where he is because of the famine, for there is no more
bread in the city." 10 Then the king commanded
Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying, "Take thirty men from
here under your authority and bring up Jeremiah the prophet
from the cistern before he dies."
A Psalm; a Song at the Dedication of the House. A Psalm of
1 I will
extol You, O Yahweh, for You have lifted me up, and have not
let my enemies rejoice over me. 2 O Yahweh my
God, I cried to You for help, and You healed me. 3
O Yahweh, You have brought up my soul from Sheol; You have
kept me alive, that I would not go down to the pit. 4
Sing praise to Yahweh, you His godly ones, and give thanks
to His holy name. 5 For His anger is but for a
moment, His favor is for a lifetime; weeping may last for
the night, but a shout of joy comes in the morning. 6
Now as for me, I said in my prosperity, "I will never be
moved." 7 O Yahweh, by Your favor You have made
my mountain to stand strong; You hid Your face, I was
dismayed. 8 To You, O Yahweh, I called, and to
the Lord I made supplication: 9 "What profit is
there in my blood, if I go down to the pit? Will the dust
praise You? Will it declare Your faithfulness? 10
"Hear, O Yahweh, and be gracious to me; O Yahweh, be my
helper." 11 You have turned for me my mourning
into dancing; You have loosed my sackcloth and girded me
with gladness, 12 that my soul may sing praise to
You and not be silent. O Yahweh my God, I will give thanks
to You forever.
John 19:1 – 20:10
Amen. 1 Pilate then took Yeshua and scourged Him.
2 And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns
and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; 3
and they began to come up to Him and say, "Hail, King of the
Jews!" and to give Him slaps in the face. 4
Pilate came out again and said to them, "Behold, I am
bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I find no
guilt in Him." 5 Yeshua then came out, wearing
the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to
them, "Behold, the Man!" 6 So when the chief
priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying,
"Crucify, crucify!" Pilate said to them, "Take Him
yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him."
7 The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and by
that law He ought to die because He made Himself out to be
the Son of God."
Amen. 8 Therefore when Pilate heard this
statement, he was even more afraid; 9 and he
entered into the Praetorium again and said to Yeshua, "Where
are You from?" But Yeshua gave him no answer. 10
So Pilate said to Him, "You do not speak to me? Do You not
know that I have authority to release You, and I have
authority to crucify You?" 11 Yeshua answered,
"You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been
given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me to
you has the greater sin." 12 As a result of this
Pilate made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out
saying, "If you release this Man, you are no friend of
Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes
Caesar." 13 Therefore when Pilate heard these
words, he brought Yeshua out, and sat down on the judgment
seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
Amen. 14 Now it was the day of preparation
for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said
to the Jews, "Behold, your King!" 15 So they
cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!"
Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief
priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar." 16
So he then handed Him over to them to be crucified. 17
They took Yeshua, therefore, and He went out, bearing His
own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which
is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they
crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either
side, and Yeshua in between.
Amen. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription
and put it on the cross. It was written, "YESHUA THE
NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS." 20 Therefore
many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where
Yeshua was crucified was near the city; and it was written
in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek. 21 So the chief
priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, "Do not write,
'The King of the Jews'; but that He said, 'I am King of the
Jews.'" 22 Pilate answered, "What I have written
I have written." 23 Then the soldiers, when they
had crucified Yeshua, took His outer garments and made four
parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the
tunic was seamless, woven in one piece. 24 So
they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots
for it, to decide whose it shall be"; this was to fulfill
the Scripture: "THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM,
AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS." 25 Therefore
the soldiers did these things.
Amen. But standing by the cross of Yeshua were His
mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas,
and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Yeshua then saw His
mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He
said to His mother, "Woman, behold, your son!" 27
Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" From
that hour the disciple took her into his own household.
28 After this, Yeshua, knowing that all things had
already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said,
"I am thirsty." 29 A jar full of sour wine was
standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine
upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth.
30 Therefore when Yeshua had received the sour wine,
He said, "It is finished!" And He bowed His head and gave up
Amen. 31 Then the Jews, because it was the
day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on
the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day),
asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they
might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and
broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was
crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Yeshua, when
they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His
legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side
with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
35 And he who has seen has testified, and his
testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the
truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these
things came to pass to fulfill the Scripture, "NOT A BONE OF
HIM SHALL BE BROKEN." 37 And again another
Scripture says, "THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED."
Amen. 38 After these things Joseph of
Arimathea, being a disciple of Yeshua, but a secret one for
fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the
body of Yeshua; and Pilate granted permission. So he came
and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had
first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of
myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40
So they took the body of Yeshua and bound it in linen
wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the
Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified
there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no
one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of
the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was nearby,
they laid Yeshua there.
Amen. 20:1 Now on the first day of the week
Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still
dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb.
2 So she ran and came to Simon Peter and to the
other disciple whom Yeshua loved, and said to them, "They
have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know
where they have laid Him." 3 So Peter and the
other disciple went forth, and they were going to the tomb.
4 The two were running together; and the other
disciple ran ahead faster than Peter and came to the tomb
first; 5 and stooping and looking in, he saw the
linen wrappings lying there; but he did not go in. 6
And so Simon Peter also came, following him, and entered the
tomb; and he saw the linen wrappings lying there, 7
and the face-cloth which had been on His head, not lying
with the linen wrappings, but rolled up in a place by
itself. 8 So the other disciple who had first
come to the tomb then also entered, and he saw and believed.
9 For as yet they did not understand the
Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. 10
So the disciples went away again to their own homes.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."