HOME          TEMPLE SEDARIM      < PRIOR WEEK      NEXT WEEK >

 

Commentary - Year 1 Sabbath 43

Genesis 46:28 - 48:22  -  1 Kings 2:1-4,  2 Kings 13:14  -  Psalm 39  -  Revelation 21:1-10, 22:1-10
 

Shevat 6, 5762 / Jan 19, 2002 

Shevat 5, 5765 / Jan 15, 2005 

Shevat 5, 5768 / Jan 12, 2008
Shevat 5, 5771 / Jan   8, 2011

Shevat 3, 5774 / Jan   4, 2014

Shevat 8, 5777 / Feb  4, 2017

 

Yehudah Shalach / He Sent Judah   SCRIPTURES should be read first

 

Praise of Yahweh (Yehudah) leads the way.

(V.46:28) Now Judah (is the one) Jacob sent before him to Joseph, to prepare before/teach ahead the way to Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. Reuben, the first-born, lost his position through the sin concerning Bilhah. Simeon and Levi, the next two in line, lost the position through their impetuous ways with Shechem. Judah was fourth in line, and had earned some trust with his standing up for Benjamin. Judah was sent ahead to prepare for a family that would not live like the Egyptians, but needed a community setup for purity and worship and teaching God’s way to others – Torah observance before Moses.

 

(V.29) And Joseph prepared his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet his father Israel; as soon as he appeared before him, he fell on his neck and wept on his neck a long time. Joseph, who had not seen his father for 22 years, came to him, not as “Viceroy of Egypt”, but as a respectful son. Joseph, it is taught, did not live a long life because he previously dishonored his father, allowing him to be called “your servant” (v.43:28; see also Exodus 20:12 – “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which Yahweh your God gives you”).

 

(V.30) Then Israel said to Joseph, "Now let me die, since I have seen your face, that you are still alive."

In other words, Israel could now die in peace, because he knew that Joseph was doing well before God. Israel/Jacob would live another 17 years.

 

(V.47:8) The Pharaoh asked the elderly man, “How many are the days of the years of your life?” Israel answered, “The days of the years of my sojourning are one hundred and thirty; few and unpleasant have been the years of my life, nor have they attained the years that my fathers lived during the days of their sojourning.” Israel’s answer implies that he had not really “lived”, but only “sojourned” temporarily in lands not his own. Also, he had not had peace, but one evil circumstance following another (his brother Esau desiring to kill him, Laban tricking him concerning marrying Rachel, then cheating him of his wages, Rachel dying, his sons creating havoc for him, then Joseph being lost for 22 years).

 

David shares a similar idea of years being few (Psalm 39:5): “Behold, You have made my days as handbreadths, and my lifetime as nothing in Your sight; surely every man at his best is a mere breath.”

 

(V.13) Israel came down to Egypt in the second year of the famine. In the third year, Joseph collected all of the Egyptian’s money for grain. In the fourth year, he purchased all of their livestock for grain. In the fifth year, Joseph obtained title to all of their lands for grain. In the sixth year, the Egyptians became indentured servants in return for grain. In the seventh year of the famine, Joseph gave the Egyptians seed to sow for the next year’s crops. Joseph moved the Egyptians around (moving all of City A to City B, City B to City C, and City C to City A) so that the people would not feel connected to certain lands as owners.

 

Thus Joseph purchased everything for the Pharaoh, picturing how Yeshua would purchase everything for his Father.

 

After the famine was over, Joseph required the Egyptians to return one-fifth of every crop to the Pharaoh’s treasury.

 

(V.28) The length of Jacob’s life was “seven and forty and one-hundred years”. This indicates that he only considered the last part of his life “living”: it was the only part that was peaceful, and with all his children.

 

Israel and his family came to Egypt to “sojourn” (v.4), but they obtained ownership of land and “settled” (v.5). However, Israel did not give up the desire for the Promised Land, and instructed Joseph to bury him in Canaan (v.29).

 

In chapter 48, we see Israel prophetically blessing his sons, and counting Ephraim and Manasseh as his own sons in inheritance (Joseph thus receiving a double portion). This account of a blessing is in contrast to the way Jacob received his promised blessing by deceit (Genesis 27). We can also see from the case of Balaam (Numbers 22) that God’s promised blessings do not need our sinful intervention in order to succeed. David said (Psalm 39:1): “ ‘I will guard my ways that I may not sin with my tongue.

________________________

 

In 1 Kings 2, David, like Jacob, is approaching death, and charges his son Solomon to walk in God’s ways.

 

Moses was sent ahead to teach us the way. In a like prophetic manner, Yeshua was sent ahead to teach us the way.

 

Yahweh your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him” – Deuteronomy 18:15.

 

Moses said, ‘Yahweh your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed to everything He says to you. And it will be that every soul that does not heed that prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people’” – Acts 3:22-23.

 

Moses was sent with signs from God to authenticate his work. He was gave detailed instruction for setting up the Tabernacle services, with animal offerings. These offerings, from Adam’s time, pictured Yeshua as our needed sacrifice. Moses went on to teach us how to walk with God.

 

Yeshua was sent with signs from God to authenticate his work. He clarified degraded Temple rituals before becoming our sacrifice. He further taught us how to walk with God.

 

The praise of Yahweh leads us towards repentance from dead works, and faith in the Living God (Hebrews 6:1). While some teach “just believe,” we must first know what we are to believe, or rather, in who we are to believe. We must know who He is, through someone praising His attributes, before we have a reason to turn from the way of death to a life-giving faith.

 

Joseph’s brothers, who previously despised him, learned who Joseph was, and repented, and came to him for life. But Joseph put them through some tests first.

 

In our worldly life, we despised Yeshua. But when we learned who He was, we repented, and came to Him for life. But He puts us through some tests. David said (Psalm 39:11): “With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity”. Overcomers – those whose faith is witnessed by their actions – have a glorious future, as we read in our last reading.

 

In this Apostolic portion, we see the promise and description of the ultimate Canaan: the New Jerusalem on a renewed earth. There is no more hunger, no more unpleasant life, and no more shortness of days. We will worship and serve God in spirit and in truth, and no one will have to teach another to “know God”, for all will perfectly know Him, from the greatest to the least (Jeremiah 31:34).

 

The title, “The Revelation of Yeshua the Messiah,” does not mean the book contains various revelations concerning the future. It means that the prophesied events are to reveal the Messiah – to remove the veil so that He may be clearly seen. Like the revealing of Joseph who was veiled as an Egyptian, it is the unveiling – the revealing of Yeshua as Messiah!

 

David says (Psalm 39:7-8): “And now, Lord, for what do I wait? My hope is in You. Deliver me from all my transgressions; make me not the reproach of the foolish.

 

             “You shall call His Name Yeshua, for He shall save His people from their sins” – Matthew 1:21.

 

Readings:

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

(V’et Yehudah shalach l’fanayo el-Yoseph / Now Yehudah  he-sent before-him to-Joseph)

Reader 1*  Amen. 28 Now he sent Judah before him to Joseph, to point out the way before him to Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. 29 Joseph prepared his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet his father Israel; as soon as he appeared before him, he fell on his neck and wept on his neck a long time. 30 Then Israel said to Joseph, "Now let me die, since I have seen your face, that you are still alive." 31 Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household, "I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and will say to him, 'My brothers and my father's household, who were in the land of Canaan, have come to me; 32 and the men are shepherds, for they have been keepers of livestock; and they have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.' 33 "When Pharaoh calls you and says, 'What is your occupation?' 34 you shall say, 'Your servants have been keepers of livestock from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,' that you may live in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is loathsome to the Egyptians." 47:1 Then Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, and said, "My father and my brothers and their flocks and their herds and all that they have, have come out of the land of Canaan; and behold, they are in the land of Goshen." 2 He took five men from among his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. 3 Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, "What is your occupation?" So they said to Pharaoh, "Your servants are shepherds, both we and our fathers."

Reader 2*  Amen. 4 They said to Pharaoh, "We have come to sojourn in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants' flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now, therefore, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen." 5 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Your father and your brothers have come to you. 6 "The land of Egypt is at your disposal; settle your father and your brothers in the best of the land, let them live in the land of Goshen; and if you know any capable men among them, then put them in charge of my livestock." 7 Then Joseph brought his father Jacob and presented him to Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, "How many years have you lived?" 9 So Jacob said to Pharaoh, "The years of my sojourning are one hundred and thirty; few and unpleasant have been the years of my life, nor have they attained the years that my fathers lived during the days of their sojourning." 10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from his presence. 11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had ordered. 12 Joseph provided his father and his brothers and all his father's household with food, according to their little ones.

Reader 3*  Amen. 13 Now there was no food in all the land, because the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine. 14 Joseph gathered all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's house. 15 When the money was all spent in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, "Give us food, for why should we die in your presence? For our money is gone." 16 Then Joseph said, "Give up your livestock, and I will give you food for your livestock, since your money is gone." 17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for the horses and the flocks and the herds and the donkeys; and he fed them with food in exchange for all their livestock that year. 18 When that year was ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, "We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent, and the cattle are my lord's. There is nothing left for my lord except our bodies and our lands. 19 "Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for food, and we and our land will be slaves to Pharaoh. So give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate." 20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for every Egyptian sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. Thus the land became Pharaoh's.

Reader 4*  Amen. 21 As for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of Egypt's border to the other. 22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy, for the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh, and they lived off the allotment which Pharaoh gave them. Therefore, they did not sell their land. 23 Then Joseph said to the people, "Behold, I have today bought you and your land for Pharaoh; now, here is seed for you, and you may sow the land. 24 "At the harvest you shall give a fifth to Pharaoh, and four-fifths shall be your own for seed of the field and for your food and for those of your households and as food for your little ones." 25 So they said, "You have saved our lives! Let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh's slaves." 26 Joseph made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt valid to this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth; only the land of the priests did not become Pharaoh's. 27 Now Israel lived in the land of Egypt, in Goshen, and they acquired property in it and were fruitful and became very numerous. 28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; so the length of Jacob's life was one hundred and forty-seven years.

Reader 5*  Amen. 29 When the time for Israel to die drew near, he called his son Joseph and said to him, "Please, if I have found favor in your sight, place now your hand under my thigh and deal with me in kindness and faithfulness. Please do not bury me in Egypt, 30 but when I lie down with my fathers, you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place." And he said, "I will do as you have said." 31 He said, "Swear to me." So he swore to him. Then Israel bowed in worship at the head of the bed. 48:1 Now it came about after these things that Joseph was told, "Behold, your father is sick." So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim with him. 2 When it was told to Jacob, "Behold, your son Joseph has come to you," Israel collected his strength and sat up in the bed. 3 Then Jacob said to Joseph, "God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, 4 and He said to me, 'Behold, I will make you fruitful and numerous, and I will make you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your descendants after you for an everlasting possession.' 5 "Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine, as Reuben and Simeon are. 6 "But your offspring that have been born after them shall be yours; they shall be called by the names of their brothers in their inheritance.

Reader 6*  Amen. 7 "Now as for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died, to my sorrow, in the land of Canaan on the journey, when there was still some distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem)." 8 When Israel saw Joseph's sons, he said, "Who are these?" 9 Joseph said to his father, "They are my sons, whom God has given me here." So he said, "Bring them to me, please, that I may bless them." 10 Now the eyes of Israel were so dim from age that he could not see. Then Joseph brought them close to him, and he kissed them and embraced them. 11 Israel said to Joseph, "I never expected to see your face, and behold, God has let me see your children as well." 12 Then Joseph took them from his knees, and bowed with his face to the ground. 13 Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel's left, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel's right, and brought them close to him.

Reader 7*  Amen. 14 But Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh's head, crossing his hands, although Manasseh was the firstborn. 15 He blessed Joseph, and said, "The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, The God who has been my shepherd all my life to this day, 16 The angel who has redeemed me from all evil, Bless the lads; And may my name live on in them, And the names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; And may they grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth." 17 When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on Ephraim's head, it displeased him; and he grasped his father's hand to remove it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head. 18 Joseph said to his father, "Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn. Place your right hand on his head." 19 But his father refused and said, "I know, my son, I know; he also will become a people and he also will be great. However, his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations." 20 He blessed them that day, saying, "By you Israel will pronounce blessing, saying, 'May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh!'" Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 21 Then Israel said to Joseph, "Behold, I am about to die, but God will be with you, and bring you back to the land of your fathers. 22 "I give you one portion more than your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and my bow."

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

______________________

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

 

1 Kings 2:1-4 

Reader 8*  Amen. As David's time to die drew near, he charged Solomon his son, saying, 2 "I am going the way of all the earth. Be strong, therefore, and show yourself a man. 3 "Keep the charge of Yahweh your God, to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, His commandments, His ordinances, and His testimonies, according to what is written in the Law of Moses, that you may succeed in all that you do and wherever you turn, 4 so that Yahweh may carry out His promise which He spoke concerning me, saying, 'If your sons are careful of their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, you shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.'

 

2 Kings 13:14

When Elisha became sick with the illness of which he was to die, Joash the king of Israel came down to him and wept over him and said, "My father, my father, the chariots of Israel and its horsemen!"

 

Psalm 39    (To be sung.)    For the choir director, for Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

1 I said, "I will guard my ways that I may not sin with my tongue; I will guard my mouth as with a muzzle while the wicked are in my presence." 2 I was mute and silent, I refrained even from good, and my sorrow grew worse. 3 My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned; then I spoke with my tongue: 4 "Yahweh, make me to know my end and what is the extent of my days; let me know how transient I am. 5 "Behold, You have made my days as handbreadths, and my lifetime as nothing in Your sight; surely every man at his best is a mere breath. Selah. 6 "Surely every man walks about as a phantom; surely they make an uproar for nothing; he amasses riches and does not know who will gather them. 7 "And now, Lord, for what do I wait? My hope is in You. 8 "Deliver me from all my transgressions; make me not the reproach of the foolish. 9 "I have become mute, I do not open my mouth, because it is You who have done it. 10 "Remove Your plague from me; because of the opposition of Your hand I am perishing. 11 "With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity; You consume as a moth what is precious to him; surely every man is a mere breath. Selah. 12 "Hear my prayer, O Yahweh, and give ear to my cry; do not be silent at my tears; for I am a stranger with You, a sojourner like all my fathers. 13 "Turn Your gaze away from me, that I may smile again before I depart and am no more."

 

Revelation 21:1-10, 22:1-10

Reader 9*  Amen. 21:1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, 4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away." 5 And He who sits on the throne said, "Behold, I am making all things new." And He said, "Write, for these words are faithful and true." 6 Then He said to me, "It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give to the one who thirsts from the spring of the water of life without cost. 7 "He who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son. 8 "But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death." 9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and spoke with me, saying, "Come here, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb." 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,

 

Reader 10*  Amen. 22:1 Then he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, 2 in the middle of its street. On either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; 4 they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads. 5 And there will no longer be any night; and they will not have need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them; and they will reign forever and ever. 6 And he said to me, "These words are faithful and true"; and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent His angel to show to His bond-servants the things which must soon take place. 7 "And behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is he who heeds the words of the prophecy of this book." 8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. 9 But he said to me, "Do not do that. I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book. Worship God." 10 And he said to me, "Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."


© 2004 Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)