HOME
         TEMPLE SEDARIM      < PRIOR WEEK       NEXT WEEK >

 

Commentary - Year 2 Sabbath 25

Leviticus 1:1 - 2:16   -   Isaiah 43:21, Jeremiah 31:19, Micah 6:9 - 7:8   -   Psalm 70  

-   1 Corinthians 3:1-23
 

 

Elul 23, 5762 / Aug 31, 2002

Elul 20, 5765 / Sept 24, 2005

Elul 20, 5768 / Sept 20, 2008

Elul 18, 5771 / Sept 17, 2011

Elul 18, 5774 / Sept 13, 2014

Elul 18, 5777 / Sept   9, 2017

 

Vayiqra / And He Called    SCRIPTURES (should be read first)

 

 (V.2) “When any man (adam) of you brings himself as an offering (olahto come near, be elevated) to Yahweh” – the name Yahweh, rather than Elohim, is always used in relationship to offerings: God’s attribute of mercy, rather than judgment, relates to the offerings. The person bringing the offering must lean with both hands upon the head of the animal, thereby dedicating his strength and purpose to God. He then either confesses the specific sin for which he is seeking atonement, or states the specific spiritual goal which he desires, or offers praise to Yahweh.

 

The animal is a substitute for the bringer, prefiguring Yeshua – who is the antitype substitute (Ephesians 5:2). It goes up (is elevated) in smoke as a sweet aroma to God, representing the man being elevated to heavenly stature or purpose through Yeshua.

 

Animal Elevation Offerings (in descending order of what one could afford):

(V.1:3) Elevation offering from herd (bull – from large domestic cattle)

(V.10) Elevation offering from flock (lamb or kid goat)

(V.14) Elevation offering from birds (turtledove or dove)

The dove is a bird of the pigeon family recognized by is cooing cry. The turtledove is a sub-group known for its devotion to its mate and to its young. These birds were raised in dome-shaped caves in northern Israel: one can visit these caves today and see the pigeon-holes all around the large rooms.

 

Grain Elevation Offerings (This is the offering of the poor, and is as though one offered his soul.):

A “soul” (nephesh) may bring a grain offering (minchah), made of unleavened finely ground wheat flour, olive oil, salt, with granules of hardened frankincense (an aromatic tree resin). Grain, the staple of human diet, represents our very existence being dependent upon God. Oil symbolizes comfort and healing, and frankincense represents joy and satisfaction; salt symbolizes God’s immutable covenant, because it preserves. No leaven or fruit-honey is allowed. The soul’s service should not be sluggish (represented by the slow action of leaven), nor should it be reduced by pursuit of pleasure (represented by adding the sweetness of honey).

These offerings were brought by someone desiring to overcome traits such as anger, jealousy, greed, or cynicism.

Cooked offerings are made as ten cakes or wafers, and then broken into crumbs. “Threefingersful” (kometz) of the grain offering and all of the frankincense are burned on the altar as the memorial portion. The remainder may be eaten only inside the courtyard by priests.

 

(V.2:1) Grain offering – uncooked:

                wheat flour mixed with oil is salted and offered with frankincense.

(V.4) Grain offering baked in oven:

wheat flour is kneaded with water, cakes mixed with oil or wafers spread with oil after baking,
                salted and offered with frankincense.

(V.5) Grain offering fried on griddle:

wheat flour is kneaded with water, wafers mixed with oil, broken into bits and spread with oil,
                salted and offered with frankincense.

(V.7) Grain offering deep-fried in pan:

wheat flour is kneaded with water, cakes mixed with oil, then cooked in oil,
                salted and offered with frankincense.

 

First Omer Offering on Waving Day

(This wave offering, on the second day of Unleavened Breads, is not a “sheaf” of grain, and the day is neither the “Feast of ” nor “Day of ” Firstfruits.)

 

(V.14) Omer of barley flour (for second day of unleavened breads):

An ephah of plump kernels of barley were parched over a fire, then ground and sifted into an omer
                of fine flour (An omer is about two liters; it is a tenth of an ephah – Exodus 16:36).

It was mixed with oil, salted, and sprinkled with grains of hardened frankincense.

It was waved before Yahweh upon a lamb.

_______________

 

Paul said to the Corinthian church, “I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual men, but as to men of flesh, as to babes in Messiah. I gave you milk to drink, not solid food; for you were not yet able to receive it. Indeed, even now you are not yet able, for you are still fleshly.

 

If we are to become “spiritual,” we must become elevated beyond greed, hedonism, jealousy, cliquishness, exalting men, profaneness, etc. In today’s religious world, the Torah offerings are mostly ignored as irrelevant; so also are spiritual attributes ignored as unnecessary – even undesirable. Who wants to overcome this world’s manner of seeking riches and power and pleasure? Who seeks the good of others more than his own? Who desires even this milk of God’s Word, much less meat?

 

The offerings are the Torah basis for so much of what Paul taught; but in ignoring them, we lose the foundation of much basic Christian/Messianic doctrine.

_______________

 

If our hearts are on the things of this world, then our talk and our prayers will be also. We do not read of Job praying that hurricanes would not fall on himself or his family. We do not read of Job praying that terrorists or thieves would not fall on himself or his family. We do not read of Job praying disease or injury would not befall himself or his family. We do read that Job was a righteous man, and he was concerned that his children might have cursed God in their hearts, and therefore he sought atonement for them.

 

If we are walking with God, then all of the calamities that come our way are from Him, and are for our good! Calamity is used to bring some toward God, and to bring others toward their destined end.

 

And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose” – Romans 8:28.

 

It is Yahweh Who gives, and Yahweh Who takes away; blessed be the name Yahweh!” – Job .

 

This is not to say that we should not care about health and safety and prosperity, or that we should not pray concerning them; it is to say that we must see these things in a proper perspective under God. We should not be anxious about such things, and we should seek God’s purpose for us in them.

 

Seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. Do not take anxious thought for the morrow, for the morrow will take care of itself; each day has enough trouble of its own” – Matthew 6:33-34.

 

We also need to continually consider how we are following God’s Word. We must not get caught up in the doctrines of some person whom we trust, nor in our own feelings about what is right. We should seek to grow in proper understanding and correction from the foundational words that God has given us – the Torah, Prophets, Psalms, and Apostles.

 

Readings:

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

Reader 1Amen. 1 Then Yahweh called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When any man (adam) of you brings an offering (to come near, be elevated) to Yahweh, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock. 3 'If his offering is an elevation offering (olah) from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before Yahweh. 4 'He shall lay his hand on the head of the elevation offering, that it may be accepted for him to make atonement on his behalf. 5 'He shall slay the young bull before Yahweh; and Aaron's sons the priests shall offer up the blood and sprinkle the blood around on the altar that is at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 6 'He shall then skin the burnt offering and cut it into its pieces.

Reader 2Amen.  7 'The sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. 8 'Then Aaron's sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, the head and the suet over the wood which is on the fire that is on the altar. 9 'Its entrails, however, and its legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer up in smoke all of it on the altar for a burnt offering, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to Yahweh.

Reader 3Amen.  10 'But if his offering is from the flock, of the sheep or of the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer it a male without defect. 11 'He shall slay it on the side of the altar northward before Yahweh, and Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar. 12 'He shall then cut it into its pieces with its head and its suet, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood which is on the fire that is on the altar. 13 'The entrails, however, and the legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer all of it, and offer it up in smoke on the altar; it is an elevation offering, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to Yahweh.

Reader 4Amen.  14 'But if his offering to Yahweh is an elevation offering of birds, then he shall bring his offering from the turtledoves or from young pigeons. 15 'The priest shall bring it to the altar, and wring off its head and offer it up in smoke on the altar; and its blood is to be drained out on the side of the altar. 16 'He shall also take away its crop with its feathers and cast it beside the altar eastward, to the place of the ashes. 17 'Then he shall tear it by its wings, but shall not sever it. And the priest shall offer it up in smoke on the altar on the wood which is on the fire; it is an elevation offering, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to Yahweh.

Reader 5Amen. 2:1 'Now when anyone presents a grain offering as an offering to Yahweh, his offering shall be of fine flour, and he shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it. 2 'He shall then bring it to Aaron's sons the priests; and shall take from it his handful of its fine flour and of its oil with all of its frankincense. And the priest shall offer it up in smoke as its memorial portion on the altar, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to Yahweh. 3 'The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy, of the offerings to Yahweh by fire. 4 'Now when you bring an offering of a grain offering baked in an oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil. 5 'If your offering is a grain offering made on the griddle, it shall be of fine flour, unleavened, mixed with oil; 6 you shall break it into bits and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering. 7 'Now if your offering is a grain offering made in a pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.

Reader 6Amen. 8 'When you bring in the grain offering which is made of these things to Yahweh, it shall be presented to the priest and he shall bring it to the altar. 9 'The priest then shall take up from the grain offering its memorial portion, and shall offer it up in smoke on the altar as an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to Yahweh. 10 'The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy of the offerings to Yahweh by fire. 11 'No grain offering, which you bring to Yahweh, shall be made with leaven, for you shall not offer up in smoke any leaven or any honey as an offering by fire to Yahweh.

Reader 7Amen. 12 'As an offering of first fruits you shall bring them to Yahweh, but they shall not ascend for a soothing aroma on the altar. 13 'Every grain offering of yours, moreover, you shall season with salt, so that the salt of the covenant of your God shall not be lacking from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt. 14 'Also if you bring a grain offering of early ripened things to Yahweh, you shall bring fresh heads of grain roasted in the fire, grits of new growth, for the grain offering of your early ripened things. 15 'You shall then put oil on it and lay incense on it; it is a grain offering. 16 'The priest shall offer up in smoke its memorial portion, part of its grits and its oil with all its incense as an offering by fire to Yahweh.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

 

Isaiah 43:21

Reader 8Amen. "The people whom I formed for Myself, will declare My praise.

 

Jeremiah 31:19

Reader 9Amen. 'For after I turned back, I repented; and after I was instructed, I smote on my thigh; I was ashamed, and also humiliated, because I bore the reproach of my youth.'

 

Micah 6:9 – 7:8

Reader 10Amen. 9 The voice of Yahweh will call to the city-- and it is sound wisdom to fear Your name: "Hear, O tribe. Who has appointed its time? 10 Is there yet a man in the wicked house, along with treasures of wickedness and a short measure that is cursed? 11 Can I justify wicked scales and a bag of deceptive weights? 12 For the rich men of the city are full of violence, her residents speak lies, and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth. 13 So also I will make you sick, striking you down, desolating you because of your sins. 14 You will eat, but you will not be satisfied, and your vileness will be in your midst. You will try to remove for safekeeping, but you will not preserve anything, and what you do preserve I will give to the sword. 15 You will sow but you will not reap. You will tread the olive but will not anoint yourself with oil; and the grapes, but you will not drink wine. 16 The statutes of Omri and all the works of the house of Ahab are observed; and in their devices you walk. Therefore I will give you up for destruction and your inhabitants for derision, and you will bear the reproach of My people."

Reader 11Amen. 7:1 Woe is me! For I am Like the fruit pickers, like the grape gatherers. There is not a cluster of grapes to eat, or a first-ripe fig which I crave. 2 The godly person has perished from the land, and there is no upright person among men. All of them lie in wait for bloodshed; each of them hunts the other with a net. 3 Concerning evil, both hands do it well. The prince asks, also the judge, for a bribe, and a great man speaks the desire of his soul; so they weave it together. 4 The best of them is like a briar, the most upright like a thorn hedge. The day when you post your watchmen, your punishment will come. Then their confusion will occur. 5 Do not trust in a neighbor; do not have confidence in a friend. From her who lies in your bosom Guard your lips. 6 For son treats father contemptuously, daughter rises up against her mother, daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; a man's enemies are the men of his own household. 7 But as for me, I will watch expectantly for Yahweh; I will wait for the God of my salvation. My God will hear me. 8 Do not rejoice over me, O my enemy. Though I fall I will rise; though I dwell in darkness, Yahweh is a light for me.

 

Psalm 70    For the choir director. A Psalm for David; for a memorial.

1 O God, hasten to deliver me; O Yahweh, hasten to my help! 2 Let those be ashamed and humiliated who seek my life; let those be turned back and dishonored who delight in my hurt. 3 Let those be turned back because of their shame who say, "Aha, aha!" 4 Let all who seek You rejoice and be glad in You; and let those who love Your salvation say continually, "Let God be magnified." 5 But I am afflicted and needy; hasten to me, O God! You are my help and my deliverer; O Yahweh, do not delay.

 

1 Corinthians 3:1-23

Reader 12Amen. 1 And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual men, but as to men of flesh, as to infants in Messiah. 2 I gave you milk to drink, not solid food; for you were not yet able to receive it. Indeed, even now you are not yet able, 3 for you are still fleshly. For since there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not fleshly, and are you not walking like mere men? 4 For when one says, "I am of Paul," and another, "I am of Apollos," are you not mere men? 5 What then is Apollos? And what is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, even as the Lord gave opportunity to each one. 6 I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth. 7 So then neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who causes the growth. 8 Now he who plants and he who waters are one; but each will receive his own reward according to his own labor. 9 For we are God's fellow workers; you are God's field, God's building.

Reader 13Amen. 10 According to the grace of God which was given to me, like a wise master builder I laid a foundation, and another is building on it. But each man must be careful how he builds on it. 11 For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is laid, which is Yeshua the Messiah. 12 Now if any man builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw, 13 each man's work will become evident; for the day will show it because it is to be revealed with fire, and the fire itself will test the quality of each man's work. 14 If any man's work which he has built on it remains, he will receive a reward. 15 If any man's work is burned up, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire.

Reader 14Amen. 16 Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 17 If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are. 18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you thinks that he is wise in this age, he must become foolish, so that he may become wise. 19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness before God. For it is written, "He is the one who catches the wise in their craftiness"; 20 and again, "Yahweh knows the reasonings of the wise, that they are useless." 21 So then let no one boast in men. For all things belong to you, 22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or things present or things to come; all things belong to you, 23 and you belong to Messiah; and Messiah belongs to God.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."

 


© 2005  Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)