Kislev 11, 5764 / December 6, 2003
Kislev 11, 5767 / December 2, 2006
Kislev 11, 5770 / November 28, 2009
/ When You Enter
SCRIPTURES should be read first
There were three basic commandments for Israel to observe as a nation when it
was established in the land (Talmud: Sanhedrin 20b):
Appoint a specific kind of king (v.17:15);
off the seed of Amalek (v.25:19); and
the Temple (v.12:10).
Deut 25:19 "Therefore it shall come about when Yahweh your God has given you
rest from all your surrounding enemies, in the land which Yahweh your God gives
you as an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from
under heaven; you must not forget.
Amelek was a grandson of Esau (Gen 36:12). Amelek fought against Israel early
during the exodus (Ex 17:8); He attacked the stragglers that were faint (Deu
25:17). This was the battle where Israel prevailed as long as the hands of Moses
were held up. The ten spies complained that Amelek lived in the land to be
conquered (Num 13:29). Balak prophesied that the end of Amelek would be
destruction (Num 24:20).
Deut 12:10-11 "When you cross the Jordan and live in the land which Yahweh
your God is giving you to inherit, and He gives you rest from all your enemies
around you so that you live in security, then it shall come about that the place
in which Yahweh your God shall choose for His name to dwell, there you shall
bring all that I command you: your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your
tithes and the contribution of your hand, and all your choice votive offerings
which you will vow to Yahweh.
king was required first, (2) to lead war with Amalek (Exodus 17:16, 1 Chronicles
when the land was at peace, the Temple was to be built (Deuteronomy 12:10).
Concerning kings (v.17:14-20):
When there was no king in Israel, everyone did what was right in his own eyes
There being no king in Israel (Judges 17-18), an Ephraimite named Micah had a
silver graven image made, which Danites stole and worshipped, on their way to
making war with Laish.
There being no king in Israel (Judges 19-29), the concubine of a Levite was
raped and killed by Benjaminites, who were unrepentant. The Levite cut her into
twelve pieces and sent them throughout the territory of Israel. Israel went to
war with the Benjaminites, and tens of thousands were killed.
king had to be God’s choice, and had to be an Israelite – a Hebrew. The king was
to trust in God’s strength, and therefore was not allowed many horses. The king
was to keep his heart aligned toward Yahweh, and therefore was not allowed many
wives to turn his heart elsewhere. The king was to trust in God’s provision, and
therefore was not allowed great amounts of silver and gold. The king was
required to write for himself a scroll copy of the Torah, to be read every day
of his life, so that he would observe God’s instruction, and stay mindful of his
position under God.
When the people rejected God as their king (1 Samuel 8:7), and requested an
earthly king, God’s choice for the first king was Saul.
1 Samuel 10:19 “But you today rejected your
God, who delivers you from all your calamities and your distresses; yet you have
said, ‘No, but set a king over us!’ ”
1 Samuel 10:24: “And
Samuel said to all the people, ‘Do you see him
whom Yahweh has chosen? Surely there is no one like him among all the people.’
So all the people shouted and said, ‘Long live the king!’
After Saul, David became king, and was a type of
Messiah King Yeshua. Yeshua would be a descendant of David.
Acts 13:21-23 “And then they asked for a king,
and God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for
forty years. And after He had removed him, He raised up David to be their king,
concerning whom He also testified and said, ‘I have found David the son of
Jesse, a man after My heart, who will do all My will.’ From the offspring of
this man, according to promise, God has brought to Israel a Savior, Yeshua”.
After David, Solomon became king. Solomon was
granted great wisdom. Yet, he tried the things God forbade: many horses, many
wives, and much gold.
This picture will be fulfilled in the end:
(1) Israel’s king will be Yeshua. He will act according to Torah forever, not
trusting in the powerful things of this world, not turned astray by the
pleasures of this world, and not depending upon the riches of this world.
Fulfilling Deuteronomy 17:20 (see also 1 Samuel 13:13 and Revelation 11:15), His
kingdom will be forever!
(2) All of the enemies that would attack us today – meaning those that would
deter us from our walk with God, will be cut off – eliminated. Their memory will
(3) We will have access to God’s Holy Temple, in all its perfection.
Concerning priests (v.18:1-8):
Levites were to receive the firstfruits from the people, and share in them
They were required to serve “in the Name of Yahweh”. That means that they
were God’s representatives, His ambassadors.
Yeshua came “in the Name of Yahweh” – Matthew 21:9, 23:39. He is Messiah
(Anointed) Priest of the Most High God.
Concerning the people (v.18:9-13):
are not to imitate the detestable things that worldly people do. We are to seek
guidance from God, not “readers” or spiritists. God drives people out of their
lands because they seek guidance from the wrong places (v.12). We are to be
In today’s Psalm 133,
which is a Psalm of David, we read, “Behold, how good and how pleasant it
is for brothers to dwell together in unity!”
When we are in unity under the Great King, how pleasant that will be!
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
Reader 1* Amen.
"When you enter the land which Yahweh your God gives you, and you possess it and
live in it, and you say, 'I will set a king over me like all the nations who are
around me,' 15 you shall surely set a king over you whom Yahweh your
God chooses, one from among your countrymen you shall set as king over
yourselves; you may not put a foreigner over yourselves who is not your
Reader 2* Amen.
"Moreover, he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor shall he cause the
people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, since Yahweh has said to you, 'You
shall never again return that way.' 17 "He shall not multiply wives
for himself, or else his heart will turn away; nor shall he greatly increase
silver and gold for himself.
Reader 3* Amen.
"Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall
write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the
Levitical priests. 19 "It shall be with him and he shall read it all
the days of his life, that he may learn to fear Yahweh his God, by carefully
observing all the words of this law and these statutes, 20 that his
heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not turn aside
from the commandment, to the right or the left, so that he and his sons may
continue long in his kingdom in the midst of Israel.
Reader 4* Amen.
"The Levitical priests, the whole tribe of Levi, shall have no portion or
inheritance with Israel; they shall eat Yahweh'S offerings by fire and His
portion. 2 "They shall have no inheritance among their countrymen;
Yahweh is their inheritance, as He promised them.
Reader 5* Amen.
"Now this shall be the priests' due from the people, from those who offer a
sacrifice, either an ox or a sheep, of which they shall give to the priest the
shoulder and the two cheeks and the stomach. 4 "You shall give him
the first fruits of your grain, your new wine, and your oil, and the first
shearing of your sheep. 5 "For Yahweh your God has chosen him and his
sons from all your tribes, to stand and serve in the name of Yahweh forever.
Reader 6* Amen.
"Now if a Levite comes from any of your towns throughout Israel where he
resides, and comes whenever he desires to the place which Yahweh chooses, 7
then he shall serve in the name of Yahweh his God, like all his fellow Levites
who stand there before Yahweh. 8 "They shall eat equal portions,
except what they receive from the sale of their fathers' estates.
Reader 7* Amen.
"When you enter the land which Yahweh your God gives you, you shall not learn to
imitate the detestable things of those nations. 10 "There shall not
be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the
fire, one who uses divination, one who practices witchcraft, or one who
interprets omens, or a sorcerer, 11 or one who casts a spell, or a
medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead. 12 "For whoever
does these things is detestable to Yahweh; and because of these detestable
things Yahweh your God will drive them out before you. 13 "You shall
be blameless before Yahweh your God.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
1 Samuel 10:17-25
Reader 8* Amen.
Thereafter Samuel called the people together to Yahweh at Mizpah; 18
and he said to the sons of Israel, "Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel, 'I
brought Israel up from Egypt, and I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians
and from the power of all the kingdoms that were oppressing you.' 19
"But you have today rejected your God, who delivers you from all your calamities
and your distresses; yet you have said, 'No, but set a king over us!' Now
therefore, present yourselves before Yahweh by your tribes and by your clans."
Reader 9* Amen.
Thus Samuel brought all the tribes of Israel near, and the tribe of Benjamin was
taken by lot. 21 Then he brought the tribe of Benjamin near by its
families, and the Matrite family was taken. And Saul the son of Kish was taken;
but when they looked for him, he could not be found. 22 Therefore
they inquired further of Yahweh, "Has the man come here yet?" So Yahweh said,
"Behold, he is hiding himself by the baggage."
Reader 10* Amen.
So they ran and took him from there, and when he stood among the people, he was
taller than any of the people from his shoulders upward. 24 Samuel
said to all the people, "Do you see him whom Yahweh has chosen? Surely there is
no one like him among all the people." So all the people shouted and said, "Long
live the king!" 25 Then Samuel told the people the ordinances of the
kingdom, and wrote them in the book and placed it before Yahweh. And Samuel sent
all the people away, each one to his house.
(To be sung.) A Song of Ascents, of David.
1 Behold, how good and how
pleasant it is for brothers to dwell together in unity! 2 It is like
the precious oil upon the head, coming down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard,
coming down upon the edge of his robes. 3 It is like the dew of
Hermon, coming down upon the mountains of Zion; for there Yahweh commanded the
blessing – life forever.
Reader 11* Amen.
Now Paul and his companions put out to sea from Paphos and came to Perga in
Pamphylia; but John left them and returned to Jerusalem. 14 But going
on from Perga, they arrived at Pisidian Antioch, and on the Sabbath day they
went into the synagogue and sat down. 15 After the reading of the Law
and the Prophets the synagogue officials sent to them, saying, "Brethren, if you
have any word of exhortation for the people, say it." 16 Paul stood
up, and motioning with his hand said, "Men of Israel, and you who fear God,
listen: 17 "The God of this people Israel chose our fathers and made
the people great during their stay in the land of Egypt, and with an uplifted
arm He led them out from it. 18 "For a period of about forty years He
put up with them in the wilderness. 19 "When He had destroyed seven
nations in the land of Canaan, He distributed their land as an inheritance – all
of which took about four hundred and fifty years. 20 "After these
things He gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.
Reader 12* Amen.
"Then they asked for a king, and God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of
the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. 22 "After He had removed him,
He raised up David to be their king, concerning whom He also testified and said,
'I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after My heart, who will do all My
will.' 23 "From the descendants of this man, according to promise,
God has brought to Israel a Savior, Yeshua, 24 after John had
proclaimed before His coming a baptism of repentance to all the people of
Israel. 25 "And while John was completing his course, he kept saying,
'What do you suppose that I am? I am not He. But behold, one is coming after me
the sandals of whose feet I am not worthy to untie.'
Reader 13* Amen.
"Brethren, sons of Abraham's family, and those among you who fear God, to us the
message of this salvation has been sent. 27 "For those who live in
Jerusalem, and their rulers, recognizing neither Him nor the utterances of the
prophets which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled these by condemning Him.
28 "And though they found no ground for putting Him to death, they asked
Pilate that He be executed. 29 "When they had carried out all that
was written concerning Him, they took Him down from the cross and laid Him in a
tomb. 30 "But God raised Him from the dead; 31 and for
many days He appeared to those who came up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem,
the very ones who are now His witnesses to the people.
Reader 14* Amen.
"And we preach to you the good news of the promise made to the fathers, 33
that God has fulfilled this promise to our children in that He raised up Yeshua,
as it is also written in the second Psalm, 'You are My Son; today I have
begotten You.' 34 "As for the fact that He raised Him up from the
dead, no longer to return to decay, He has spoken in this way: 'I will give You
the holy and sure blessings of David.' 35 "Therefore He also says in
another Psalm, 'You will not allow Your Holy One to undergo decay.' 36
"For David, after he had served the purpose of God in his own generation, fell
asleep, and was laid among his fathers and underwent decay; 37 but He
whom God raised did not undergo decay.
Reader 15* Amen.
"Therefore let it be known to you, brethren, that through Him forgiveness of
sins is proclaimed to you, 39 and through Him everyone who believes
is freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of
Moses. 40 "Therefore take heed, so that the thing spoken of in the
Prophets may not come upon you: 41 'Behold, you scoffers, and marvel,
and perish; for I am accomplishing a work in your days, a work which you
willnever believe, though someone should describe it to you.'" 42 As
Paul and Barnabas were going out, the people kept begging that these things
might be spoken to them the next Sabbath. 43 Now when the meeting of
the synagogue had broken up, many of the Jews and of the God-fearing proselytes
followed Paul and Barnabas, who, speaking to them, were urging them to continue
in the grace of God. 44 The next Sabbath nearly the whole city
assembled to hear the word of the Lord.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."