HOME          TEMPLE SEDARIM      < PRIOR WEEK      NEXT WEEK >

 

Commentary - Leap Year Sabbath +2

Deuteronomy 25:17-19   -   1 Samuel 15:1-34   -   Psalm 140   -   2 Thessalonians 2:1-17

 

 

II Adar 15, 5765 / Mar 26, 2005

II Adar 13 5771 / Mar 19, 2011

I  Adar 15 5774 /  Feb 15, 2014

I  Adar 11 5776 /  Feb 20, 2016

 

Zakhor / Remember   SCRIPTURES should be read first

 

Purim - Remember

 

Purim is the Hebrew word meaning lots, as in casting lots. This is because lots were cast to determine that all Jews would be killed on Adar 13 (Esther 3:7 & 13).

 

Every year on Adar 14, the Book of Esther is read, and often enacted by children. Whenever the name of Esther or Mordechai is read, everyone cheers. When the name of Haman or one of his sons is read, it is drowned out by noisemakers or boos, because we are to banish their names. Esther 9:18 & 28 instructs us to celebrate this day.

 

March 25, 2005 is the date to celebrate Purim (it starts on the evening prior).
This year, AM 5765 (AD 2004-5), is a leap year with thirteen months. The twelfth month is Adar I, and this year also has an Adar II. Celebrations usually held in the twelfth month are held in the thirteenth month. Therefore, Purim is celebrated on the 14th day of Adar II (the 14th day of Adar I is called Purim Katan, meaning Little Purim.

Amalek was a grandson of Esau (Genesis 36:12).

 

During the exodus from Egypt, Amalek attacked Israel.

8 Then Amalek came and fought against Israel at Rephidim. 9 So Moses said to Joshua, "Choose men for us and go out, fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will station myself on the top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand." 10 Joshua did as Moses told him, and fought against Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 So it came about when Moses held his hand up, that Israel prevailed, and when he let his hand down, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses' hands were heavy. Then they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it; and Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side and one on the other. Thus his hands were steady until the sun set. 13 So Joshua overwhelmed Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 14 Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Write this in a book as a memorial and recite it to Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven." 15 Moses built an altar and named it Yahweh-Nissi (Yahweh is My Banner); 16 and he said, "Yahweh has sworn; Yahweh will have war against Amalek from generation to generation" – Ex6odus 17:8-1.

 

Yahweh commanded Israel to annihilate the Amalekites  when they came to rest in the Promised Land.

17 "Remember what Amalek did to you along the way when you came out from Egypt, 18 how he met you along the way and attacked among you all the stragglers at your rear when you were faint and weary; and he did not fear God. 19 "Therefore it shall come about when Yahweh your God has given you rest from all your surrounding enemies, in the land which Yahweh your God gives you as an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven; you must not forget – Deuteronomy 25:17-19.

 

When Israel was settled in the Promised Land, Yahweh ordered King Saul to carry out His previous command.

1 Then Samuel said to Saul, "Yahweh sent me to anoint you as king over His people, over Israel; now therefore, listen to the words of Yahweh. 2 "Thus says Yahweh of hosts, 'I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he set himself against him on the way while he was coming up from Egypt. 3 'Now go and strike Amalek and utterly destroy all that he has, and do not spare him; but put to death both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey'" – I Samuel 15:1-34.

 

But King Saul disobeyed. He put his own judgment ahead of God’s. In the immediate, Saul lost his kingship.

9 But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs, and all that was good, and were not willing to destroy them utterly; but everything despised and worthless, that they utterly destroyed – I Samuel 15:9.

 

In the long term, King Saul’s decision to spare King Agag meant that Agag would have a son whose descendants would seek to annihilate Israel.

10 Then the king took his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews. 11 The king said to Haman, "The silver is yours, and the people also, to do with them as you please" – Esther 3:10-11.

--------

In a parallel story, David showed mercy to Saul’s descendant Shimei. Shimei cursed David and threw stones at him, but afterwards repented. David spared his life.

5 When King David came to Bahurim, behold, there came out from there a man of the family of the house of Saul whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera; he came out cursing continually as he came. . . 13 So David and his men went on the way; and Shimei went along on the hillside parallel with him and as he went he cursed and cast stones and threw dust at him. . .

And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king as he was about to cross the Jordan. 19 So he said to the king, "Let not my lord consider me guilty, nor remember what your servant did wrong on the day when my lord the king came out from Jerusalem, so that the king would take it to heart. 20 "For your servant knows that I have sinned; therefore behold, I have come today, the first of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king." 21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah said, "Should not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed Yahweh’s anointed?" 22 David then said, "What have I to do with you, O sons of Zeruiah, that you should this day be an adversary to me? Should any man be put to death in Israel today? For do I not know that I am king over Israel today?" 23 The king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." Thus the king swore to him – II Samuel 19:5-23.

 

From Saul, through Shimei, descended Mordecai and Esther.

5 Now there was at the citadel in Susa a Jew whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite, 6 who had been taken into exile from Jerusalem with the captives who had been exiled with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had exiled. 7 He was bringing up Hadassah, that is Esther, his uncle's daughter, for she had no father or mother. Now the young lady was beautiful of form and face, and when her father and her mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter – Esther 2:5-7.

 

While the statuesque (1 Samuel 9:2) King Saul put his own thoughts ahead of God’s, and disobeyed God’s command to kill King Agag. As a result, the wicked Haman came on the scene attempting to destroy Israel. But King David showed mercy to a repentant Shemei, a descendant of Saul, and the result was the young woman Esther, who was used to eliminate Haman. And now we celebrate Purim, remembering the results of a proud man’s disobedience, and a young woman’s faithfulness.

-------------------------------------------------------------

 

II Thessalonians 2

God’s declaration of intent to destroy Amalek is reminiscent of the coming Day of Yahweh.

 

The Day of Yahweh (Yom Yahweh – commonly translated The Day of the LORD) is foretold in many passages of Scripture. [Greek: I Thess 5:2, II Pet 3:10 hamera kuriou;  Rev 1:10 kuriakai hamera] The wicked are going to be destroyed from the earth.

 

6 Wail, for the Day of Yahweh is near! It will come as destruction from the Almighty. 7 Therefore all hands will fall limp, and every man's heart will melt. 8 They will be terrified, pains and anguish will take hold of them; they will writhe like a woman in labor, they will look at one another in astonishment, their faces aflame. 9 Behold, the Day of Yahweh is coming, cruel, with fury and burning anger, to make the land a desolation; and He will exterminate its sinners from it. 10 For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not flash forth their light; the sun will be dark when it rises and the moon will not shed its light. 11 Thus I will punish the world for its evil and the wicked for their iniquity; I will also put an end to the arrogance of the proud and abase the haughtiness of the ruthless. 12 I will make mortal man scarcer than pure gold and mankind than the gold of Ophir. 13 Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken from its place at the fury of Yahweh of hosts in the day of His burning anger – Isaiah 13:6-13.

 

3 "For the day is near, even the Day of Yahweh is near; it will be a day of clouds, a time of doom for the nations – Ezekiel 30:3.

 

1 Blow a trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm on My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, for the Day of Yahweh is coming; surely it is near, 2 a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness. As the dawn is spread over the mountains, so there is a great and mighty people; there has never been anything like it, nor will there be again after it to the years of many generations. 3 A fire consumes before them and behind them a flame burns. The land is like the garden of Eden before them but a desolate wilderness behind them, and nothing at all escapes them. 4 Their appearance is like the appearance of horses; and like war horses, so they run. 5 With a noise as of chariots they leap on the tops of the mountains, like the crackling of a flame of fire consuming the stubble, like a mighty people arranged for battle. 6 Before them the people are in anguish; all faces turn pale. 7 They run like mighty men, they climb the wall like soldiers; and they each march in line, nor do they deviate from their paths. 8 They do not crowd each other, they march everyone in his path; when they burst through the defenses, they do not break ranks. 9 They rush on the city, they run on the wall; they climb into the houses, they enter through the windows like a thief. 10 Before them the earth quakes, the heavens tremble, the sun and the moon grow dark and the stars lose their brightness. 11 Yahweh utters His voice before His army; surely His camp is very great, for strong is he who carries out His Word. The Day of Yahweh is indeed great and very awesome, and who can endure it? 12 "Yet even now," declares Yahweh, "Return to Me with all your heart, and with fasting, weeping and mourning; 13 and rend your heart and not your garments." Now return to Yahweh your God, for He is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger, abounding in lovingkindness and relenting of evil –  Joel 2:1-13.

 

15 "For the Day of Yahweh draws near on all the nations. As you have done, it will be done to you. Your dealings will return on your own head. 16 "Because just as you drank on My holy mountain, all the nations will drink continually. They will drink and swallow and become as if they had never existed. 17 "But on Mount Zion there will be those who escape, and it will be holy. And the house of Jacob will possess their possessions – Obadiah 1:15-17.

 

While the righteous may look forward to the Great Sabbath, the prophet Amos warned the self-righteous that for them it would come as a day of calamity – not something to anticipate joyfully.

18 Alas, you who are longing for the Day of Yahweh, for what purpose will the Day of Yahweh be to you? It will be darkness and not light; 19 as when a man flees from a lion And a bear meets him, or goes home, leans his hand against the wall And a snake bites him. 20 Will not the Day of Yahweh be darkness instead of light, even gloom with no brightness in it? 21 I hate, I reject your festivals, nor do I delight in your solemn assemblies – Amos 5:18-21.

 

Now we must understand, that evil is going to come. Deception will be very strong, as even now we see its beginnings in such things as evolution and individual rights to be evil.

 

But God has chosen us to believe the truth (II Thessalonians 2:13). Therefore, we have no basis to be proud, but owe all glory to Him.

 

As for the righteous – believers, God is longsuffering toward us, and will bring each one to repentance.

1:1 To those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours, by the righteousness of our God and Savior, Yeshua the Messiah (This is not applied to all people.):

3:9 The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance. 10 But the Day of Yahweh will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up. 11 Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, 12 looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements will melt with intense heat! 13 But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells. 14 Therefore, beloved, since you look for these things, be diligent to be found by Him in peace, spotless and blamelessII Peter 1:1, 3:9-13.

 

We need not fear evil. We must set our priorities on serving God in love, and trust Him that, as He says, everything will work for our ultimate good – even calamities.

Readings:

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

Reader 1*  Amen. 17 "Remember what Amalek did to you along the way when you came out from Egypt, 18 how he met you along the way and attacked among you all the stragglers at your rear when you were faint and weary; and he did not fear God. 19 "Therefore it shall come about when Yahweh your God has given you rest from all your surrounding enemies, in the land which Yahweh your God gives you as an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven; you must not forget.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

______________________

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

 

Psalm 140

 

I Samuel 15:1-34

Reader 2*  Amen. 1 Then Samuel said to Saul, "Yahweh sent me to anoint you as king over His people, over Israel; now therefore, listen to the words of Yahweh. 2 "Thus says Yahweh of hosts, 'I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he set himself against him on the way while he was coming up from Egypt. 3 'Now go and strike Amalek and utterly destroy all that he has, and do not spare him; but put to death both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.'"

Reader 3*  Amen. 4 Then Saul summoned the people and numbered them in Telaim, 200,000 foot soldiers and 10,000 men of Judah. 5 Saul came to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the valley. 6 Saul said to the Kenites, "Go, depart, go down from among the Amalekites, so that I do not destroy you with them; for you showed kindness to all the sons of Israel when they came up from Egypt." So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. 7 So Saul defeated the Amalekites, from Havilah as you go to Shur, which is east of Egypt. 8 He captured Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. 9 But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs, and all that was good, and were not willing to destroy them utterly; but everything despised and worthless, that they utterly destroyed.

Reader 4*  Amen. 10 Then the word of Yahweh came to Samuel, saying, 11 "I regret that I have made Saul king, for he has turned back from following Me and has not carried out My commands." And Samuel was distressed and cried out to Yahweh all night. 12 Samuel rose early in the morning to meet Saul; and it was told Samuel, saying, "Saul came to Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself, then turned and proceeded on down to Gilgal." 13 Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, "Blessed are you of Yahweh! I have carried out the command of Yahweh." 14 But Samuel said, "What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?" 15 Saul said, "They have brought them from the Amalekites, for the people spared the best of the sheep and oxen, to sacrifice to Yahweh your God; but the rest we have utterly destroyed."

Reader 5*  Amen. 16 Then Samuel said to Saul, "Wait, and let me tell you what Yahweh said to me last night." And he said to him, "Speak!" 17 Samuel said, "Is it not true, though you were little in your own eyes, you were made the head of the tribes of Israel? And Yahweh anointed you king over Israel, 18 and Yahweh sent you on a mission, and said, 'Go and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them until they are exterminated.' 19 "Why then did you not obey the voice of Yahweh, but rushed upon the spoil and did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh?" 20 Then Saul said to Samuel, "I did obey the voice of Yahweh, and went on the mission on which Yahweh sent me, and have brought back Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. 21 "But the people took some of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the choicest of the things devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to Yahweh your God at Gilgal."

Reader 6*  Amen. 22 Samuel said, "Has Yahweh as much delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as in obeying the voice of Yahweh? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed than the fat of rams. 23 "For rebellion is as the sin of divination, and insubordination is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of Yahweh, He has also rejected you from being king." 24 Then Saul said to Samuel, "I have sinned; I have indeed transgressed the command of Yahweh and your words, because I feared the people and listened to their voice. 25 "Now therefore, please pardon my sin and return with me, that I may worship Yahweh." 26 But Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you; for you have rejected the word of Yahweh, and Yahweh has rejected you from being king over Israel."

Reader 727 Amen. As Samuel turned to go, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore. 28 So Samuel said to him, "Yahweh has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to your neighbor, who is better than you. 29 "Also the Glory of Israel will not lie or change His mind; for He is not a man that He should change His mind." 30 Then he said, "I have sinned; but please honor me now before the elders of my people and before Israel, and go back with me, that I may worship Yahweh your God." 31 So Samuel went back following Saul, and Saul worshiped Yahweh. 32 Then Samuel said, "Bring me Agag, the king of the Amalekites." And Agag came to him cheerfully. And Agag said, "Surely the bitterness of death is past." 33 But Samuel said, "As your sword has made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among women." And Samuel hewed Agag to pieces before Yahweh at Gilgal. 34 Then Samuel went to Ramah, but Saul went up to his house at Gibeah of Saul. 35 Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death; for Samuel grieved over Saul. And Yahweh regretted that He had made Saul king over Israel.

 

II Thessalonians 2:1-17

Reader 8*  Amen. 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah and our gathering together to Him, 2 that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the Day of the Lord has come. 3 Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, 4 who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the Temple of God, displaying himself as being God. 5 Do you not remember that while I was still with you, I was telling you these things?

Reader 9*  Amen. 6 And you know what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed. 7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only he who now restrains will do so until he is taken out of the way. 8 Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming; 9 that is, the one whose coming is in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders, 10 and with all the deception of wickedness for those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth so as to be saved. 11 For this reason God will send upon them a deluding influence so that they will believe what is false, 12 in order that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but took pleasure in wickedness.

Reader 10*  Amen. 13 But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. 14 It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah. 15 So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter from us. 16 Now may our Lord Yeshua the Messiah Himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope by grace, 17 comfort and strengthen your hearts in every good work and word.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."


© 2004  Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)