Three Feasts with Seven Holy Days Displaying Messiah
3 FEASTS of YAHWEH (Hag Yahweh)
God said, "Three times a year you shall keep a feast to me" (Exodus
23:14). Such a Feast is referred to as a "Feast of Yahweh" (Hag
Yahweh – Leviticus 23:39); this term is translated as "Lord's
Supper" in many English versions of the Gospels and Epistles.
7 HOLY DAYS (Moadim Yahweh)
There are seven annual Holy Days associated with the three Feasts
(Leviticus 23:7, 8, 21, 24-25, 27-32, 35, 36). They are observed
like Sabbaths (which are also Holy Days). A Holy Day is a day
dedicated to the worship of Yahweh, and therefore mundane work is to
be set aside. A Holy Day requires a public worship assembly (mikra
kodesh). A Holy Day must be "distinguished" (Ezekiel 20:20,
44:24) from the other days; that is, its beginning and ending are to
be marked out, so that the time between is consciously set aside for
worship: this is traditionally done with candle-lighting – Erev
Yom Tov (eve of Holy Day) and Havdallah (distinguishing
the work week).
The Biblical months, beginning with spring, are Nisan, Iyyar, Sivan,
Tammuz, Av, and Elul.
Feast of Unleavened Breads (Hag haMatzot –
Exodus 23:15) is called “the Feast of our Freedom.”
This is a seven-day long Feast that must include lamb (in Temple
times, on the first night), unleavened breads (matzot), and
bitter herbs (Exodus 12:8). There is much food set aside for this
Feast, and a family should invite the poor to share in it. It lasts
from the beginning of Nisan 15 until the end of Nisan 21 (Leviticus
On this "day prior", between noon and sunset, the Passover (lamb)
must be offered – slain and roasted. "You shall prepare it (the
Passover) at its appointed time" (Numbers 9:2). Starting at noon on
this day, no leaven may be present: while the Feast does not start
until sundown, leaven cannot be present at slaying time. See Exodus
12:6 and John 19:14, 31, 42.
Various translations of this verse are misleading, using terms such
as "keep the Passover" or "observe the Passover." These are often
misunderstood as eating a feast: in Torah usage, the Passover is a
lamb, not a day or a feast.
Yeshua was presented as Messiah Prophet, Priest, and King during His
examination at the Temple grounds in the previous four days. He went
through all of the preparation rites for the Paschal Lamb, and was
found to be without blemish.
Now, this was the day of His crucifixion. See
PASSION WEEK HARMONY
The First Annual Holy Day
First Day of the Feast (Yom haReshit –
When the Passover lamb is fully prepared, at sunset, the Feast of
Unleavened Breads begins on this new day. The Passover (lamb) must
be eaten by midnight, but the Feast continues for seven days.
This is "the feast of our freedom" – the celebration of a slave-girl
being redeemed from Egypt, which represents sin. At this Feast, we
take four cups, anciently called "the Blood of the Covenant",
representing the four parts of the Covenant: sanctification,
deliverance, redemption, and glorification. We also break matzah
(unleavened bread, which is pierced and striped), representing the
crucifixion of Yeshua's body – without sin (leaven), being pierced,
and scourged. See
PASSOVER SEDER HAGGADAH
Waving Day: As soon as it was dark, the beginning of the new day,
selected priests would go to a field and reap an ephah (about
a bushel) of the best new barley. In the morning, it would be
winnowed and sifted, parched over a fire, and processed into an
omer of fine flour. It would be mixed with olive oil, placed in
a bowl, and waved upon a lamb before Yahweh, then burned upon the
Altar. This is the first of fifty days of Counting the Omer. See
Torah never uses the term bikkur (firstfruit) in reference to
this day; it is not a "Feast of Firstfruits."
After the slave-girl celebrates the Holy Day of her redemption, she
starts counting fifty days to her betrothal to Messiah.
The third day after the Passover was slain (the third day of the
seven-day Feast of Unleavened Breads) is the day Yeshua came out of
the tomb – in defeat of Satan's armies, in fulfillment of Jonah's
prophecy of three days and three nights in the heart of the earth,
and in fulfillment of His own words of God raising His lamb from a
pit on the Sabbath Day. When two women came to the tomb before
sunrise, angels rolled away the stone to show that He was already
gone (Matthew 28:1). On the Sabbath Day, which memorializes (among
other things) the Resurrection, an elevation offering is made – two
The Second Annual Holy Day
Day of Faith – Seventh Day of the Feast (Yom haShbi'i –
This is the day that Israel was brought through the Sea on dry
ground, then saw the Egyptian army drowned in it.
The theme of this day is: after God delivers His people, the wicked
try to take them back, but then God destroys the wicked. This is
what happened at Israel’s deliverance from Egypt, and will happen at
the end of this age.
The forty-second day of Counting the Omer, the date that Noah's
flood waters were dried from the earth (Genesis 8:14).
The water of life ascended from the earth. This being forty days
after His resurrection (Acts 1:3), Yeshua ascended into the heavens,
after saying, "I go to prepare a place for you" (John 14:2-3). After
redeeming the slave-girl, He must go to His Father's house to
prepare a dwellingplace for their future married life. John later
foretells of this prepared city that will come down from the heavens
adorning the bride for her husband (Revelation 21:2).
Feast of Weeks of Firstfruits (Hag Shavuot . . . Bikkurim –
This is a one-day Feast that is also:
The Third Annual Holy Day
Day of the Firstfruits (Yom haBikkurim –
The fiftieth day of Counting the Omer (Pentecost means fiftieth
day). On this day a peace offering is made by the prospective bride:
two lambs are waved on this day, with two large loaves of leavened
bread, each made from an omer of fine wheat flour. See Exodus
34:22, Leviticus 23:15-17, Numbers 28:26.
Pentecost is about Messiah giving a betrothal contract to His future
Over thirty-three-hundred years ago, on Pentecost, the Torah was
given with two stone tablets as a betrothal contract in the tongue
of angels (Hebrew) and the tongues of men (languages of the 70
nations. In a similar manner, almost two-thousand years ago, on
Pentecost, the Gospel was given in the tongue of angels and the
tongues of men, displaying an "earnest contract" with the bride
(Acts 2:1-11, Ephesians 1:14).
At this feast, we take the bride's Betrothal Cup, saying, "All that
the Lord our God says, we will obey, and we will learn" (Deuteronomy
5:27). We will literally and perfectly and whole-heartedly fulfill
this when we are glorified and dwelling with Messiah. See
The Biblical months, beginning with fall, are Tishrei, Heshvan,
Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, and Adar.
The Month of Elul – the thirty days preceding Yom Teruah, are known
as the Days or Repentance, repentance being followed by immersion in
a mikvah (a body of water fit for ritual cleansing).
At this season John the Baptizer was preaching "the baptism of
repentance for the remission of sins" - Luke 3:3.
The Fourth Annual Holy Day
of Trumpeting (Yom Teruah –
This day is also known as Rosh haShannah (Head of the Year
for Sabbatical and Jubilee years). This is the day that "no man
knows the day or the hour". It is observed as a forty-nine hour
Sabbath during which we are to stay awake and watch! On this day the
Shofar (Ram’s Horn Trumpet) is blown many times, with a shout
preceding each trump. The command for this day is to “Hear the
Shofar.” (Yom Teruah is pronounced Yome Te-ROO-ah.) See
Leviticus 23:24, 1 Thessalonians 4:16, 1 Corinthians 15:52;
explanation of Hebrew texts in Mishnah: Rosh HaShannah.
On this day, a ram's-horn trumpet, called a
shofar, is blown several times with specific sounds (see I
Corinthians 14:8). Each trump of the shofar has a specific
meaning indicated by a preceding shout. The Last Trump of the
shofar is preceded by the shout of "Tekiah Gedolah,"
which translates as the Great Return.
The Day of Trumpeting is about Messiah returning for His bride.This
celebration is an annual rehearsal for that day when the archangel
will shout "Tekiah Gedolah" , and the Last Trump will be
heard (I Thessalonians 4:16). Then the righteous dead will be raised
immortal (I Corinthians 15:52-54), and Yeshua will return for His
coronation as King of the Whole Earth.
The ten days from the Day of Trumpeting to the Day of the Atonements
are called Yamim Noraim, translated the Days of Awe.
We shall kneel in awe before Messiah Yeshua.
The Fifth Annual Holy Day
Day of the Atonements (Yom haKippurim –
This is the only Biblically mandated fast day – a day to “afflict
one’s soul.” (The singular word Kippur/Atonement never occurs
in Scripture. Yom HaKippurim is pronounced Yome Haw-kee-poo-REEM.)
On this day two goats are the main symbols, representing two
atonements. See Leviticus 16:7-34, 23:27-32.
This day has neither feasting nor festivities, but is to be kept
The Day of the Atonements is about Messiah presenting to Himself a
spotless bride (Ephesians 5:21). Two goats represent Messiah. Two
kinds of atonement are required (Leviticus 16:8-22).
The first goat is the goat for Yahweh, commonly called an elevation
offering (it is burned on an altar and the aroma ascends). It
represents Yeshua's righteousness being imputed to us, ascending to
God as our aroma of righteousness (Romans 4:24). The second goat is
the goat for Azazel, commonly called the scapegoat. The sins of the
people are symbolically placed upon it, and it is led into the
wilderness. It represents Yeshua taking our sins upon Himself, and
taking them away from us. See
Feast of Tabernacles (Hag haSukkot -
is called “the Time of our Joy.”
This is a seven-day long Feast featuring tree fruits and nuts.
The Sixth Annual Holy Day
The First Day of Tabernacles (Yom haReshit –
Tishrei 15-21 is the seven-day Feast of Tabernacles or Booths. It is
observed by dwelling in a sukkah, a temporary structure made
of tree-branches, for the seven days, and feasting primarily on tree
fruits and nuts. The first day is a Yom Tov – observed as a
Sabbath. (Hag Sukkot is pronounced Hawg sue-KOAT, and may be
transliterated/spelled various ways including Hag Succoth.) See
Leviticus 23:39-43, Numbers 29:12-34, Deuteronomy 16:13-17;
explanation of Hebrew texts in Mishnah: Sukkot. During the seven
days, seventy bullocks are offered - 13,12,11,10,9,8,7 –
representing the downfall of the seventy nations.
The Feast of Tabernacles is Messiah's seven-day wedding feast.
By this feast, all of the crops of fruit have been brought in. This
culminating agricultural feast represents the culmination of the
marriage. The earth has been reaped, and all of the fruit (God's
people) has been brought in. The Covenant is fulfilled, and Emmanuel
(God with us) is pictured as dwelling in His tabernacle (this earth)
with His spotless bride.
The Seventh Annual Holy Day
The Eighth Day Assembly (Yom Shimini Atzeret -
follows the seven days of Sukkot, and is a separate Holy Day,
observed as a Sabbath. It is also the ancient Simcha Torah,
meaning Rejoicing in the Torah. See Numbers 29:35 - 30:1. A special
offering on this day is one bullock.
Modern Judaism celebrates Simcha Torah one day later, and has
changed to an annual Torah cycle beginning then instead of the
triennial Torah cycle beginning Nisan 1.
The Eighth Day Assembly represents Messiah dwelling with us on the
eternal, renewed earth. All seventy nations, represented by the
seventy bullocks offered on Sukkot, have become one – the Kingdom of
Messiah, represented by the single bullock offered this day.